Author Jennifer Smith also directs modern historians to the writings of Emilia Pardo Bazán (1851-1921) as a thinker whose work points out mysticism's subversive potential in terms of the patriarchal order. Pardo Bazán, unlike her male counterparts, rejected the hysteria diagnosis and promoted mysticism as a path for women's personal development and self-realization.
1. Women and the Deployment of Sexuality in Nineteenth-Century Spain
2. Women, Mysticism, and Hysteria in Fin-de-siècle Spain
3. Eduardo López Bago’s Hysterics, Tribades, and Nymphomaniacal Nuns
4. La Regenta and the Cura Trilogy: Novels in Dialog
5. Bucking the Trend: Pardo Bazán on Hysteria and Mysticism in Women