Black Women, Community Intellectualism, and Economic Justice in Postwar Milwaukee
Moten emphasizes the ways in which Black women transformed the urban landscape by simultaneously occupying spaces from which they had been historically excluded and creating their own spaces. Black women refused to be marginalized within the historically white and middle‑class Milwaukee Young Women's Christian Association (MYWCA), an association whose mission centered on supporting women in urban areas. Black women forged interracial relationships within this organization and made it, not without much conflict and struggle, one of the most socially progressive organizations in the city. When Black women could not integrate historically white institutions, they created their own. They established financial and educational institutions, such as Pressley School of Beauty Culture, which beautician Mattie Pressley DeWese opened in 1946 as a result of segregation in the beauty training industry. This school served economic, educational, and community development purposes as well as created economic opportunities for Black women. Historically and contemporarily, Milwaukee has been and is still known as one of the most segregated cities in the nation. Black women have always contested urban inequality, by making space for themselves and others on the margins. In so doing, they have transformed both the urban landscape and urban history.
1. "More than a Job": Black Women's Midcentury Struggles at the Milwaukee Young Women's Christian Association
2. "A Credit to Our City as well as Our State": Black Beauticians' Professionalization, Progress, and Organization in Milwaukee, 1940s and 1950s
3. Working Toward a Remedy: Exposing the Experiences of Black Women during the Civil Rights Era
4. "What the Mothers Have to Say": Welfare Rights Activism in 1970s Milwaukee
5. "No Longer Marching": Dismantling the Jim Crow Jobs System in a Post-Civil Rights Era